Global Empires - European Colonies in 1914

Global empires - colonies trading routes


The empires of Great Britain, Portugal, Belgium, Spain, Germany, France, the Netherlands, Italy, Denmark, and Sweden colonized and exploited the raw materials and peoples of the world from the sixteenth century until the middle of the twentieth century. Beginning with Portugal in the late 1400s, European powers, together with their bankers and industrialists, began their quest for colonies around the globe. These colonies were established not only for strategic military reasons but also for the gold, diamonds, petroleum, natural gas, timber, rubber, commodities, farm land, precious minerals, and other natural resources. The slave trade provided laborers for the Europeans’ vast plantations abroad as well as free labor for their growing colonial investments. Japan and the United States came late to the scene of colonial expansion, beginning in the late nineteenth century. Nonetheless, the industrial and banking oligarchies in these countries eventually joined with their European dynastic counterparts, collaborating for their mutual benefit.

The wealth derived from these colonial empires has been controlled for centuries by private family dynasties, or oligarchies. These families are current and former royalty, princes, aristocrats, industrialists, and private bankers. The various European royal families are related to each other having intermarried for centuries, consolidating their wealth and family interests. While some royal families may have lost their kingdoms or principalities, they retained their wealth and investments until today.

These international family dynasties have cooperated together to create a global system to control the world. Today, it is a global empire, still controlled by the same few British and European dynastic families, some of whom have accumulated wealth and power for more than one thousand years. The global empire also includes relatively new industrial and banking families that emerged during the 1700s in Europe, Japan, and in the United States. Together, these families cooperate to protect and expand their wealth and ultimately control the world for their benefit. They choose to remain hidden, for the most part, with their assets invested in off-shore banks, major public corporations, private companies, and foundations. These global oligarchies control the financial world, private central banks, the media, governments, lobbyists, and education. Indeed, any institution that can advance its goals to protect and expand its wealth is under their control.

Today, the global empire operates in all the former colonies where investments, concessions, and special relationships have continued for hundreds of years regardless that the former colonies may now be independent countries. The global empire operates in developed countries as well. The global empire created institutions such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF), The World Bank, and the World Trade Organization (WTO) to further its goal of total global domination and control. The global empire has invested in private and public corporations, private banks, trusts, and foundations that they control. Indeed, today’s multinationals act as managers to continue its collective control of the world’s resources and global political agendas. These families also control the world financial system through the Bank of International Settlements (BIS) located in Basel, Switzerland. BIS controls the 55 member private central banks of the world. These member banks act in concert as directed by BIS.

The powers of financial capitalism had another far-reaching aim, nothing less than to create a world system of financial control in private hands able to dominate the political system of each country and the economy of the world as a whole. This system was to be controlled in a feudalist fashion by the central banks of the world acting in concert by secret agreements arrived at in frequent private meetings and conferences.

This is an extract from an upcoming book by Francesca de Bardin


Carroll Quigley, Tragedy and Hope: History of the World in Our Time (New York: Macmillan, 1966), 324.

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